Participation of Women

The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA) included a provision for a 33% reservation of seats for female politicians in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). Therefore, this study was intended to assess the current level of participation of women in Panchayati Raj Institutions and the factors affecting women’s participation. With support from the National Commission for Women (NCW), we examined fundamental issues on effective gender representation and its impact on development work in the states of Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.

Our research team focused on the socio-economic and political profiles of elected women representatives in local governance to identify limitations or obstacles hindering full empowerment. Overall, the main objectives of the study were:

  1. Conducting situational analyses(including socio-economic profile, political profile and awareness level) amongst women representatives
  2. Studying the levels of participation of women representatives
  3. Highlighting issues on which women take more interest
  4. Assessing changes taking place at the local level due to women in PRIs
  5. Investigating factors affecting participation of women in PRIs
  6. Determining the initiatives required to enhance the effectiveness and level of participation of women in PRIs

Research findings showed that the majority of women representatives at all three levels of Panchayat were between 31-40 years old, with more than ninety-six percent of Hindu faith and 100 percent married and living in joint families. Regrettably, most women remained only figurative members of the Panchayat, with actual responsibilities being shouldered by male family members. The awareness level of all Panchayat members was very poor regarding the importance of women’s reservation in Panchayat Raj Institutions, as well as regarding laws pertaining to women, financial aspects of the Panchayat and issues to be addressed by PRI. Most women expressed the need for capacity building in terms of better education and focused training on Panchayat functioning.

Research Department

We at CSR believe that the pursuit of knowledge should be a socially relevant activity. We’re dedicated to promoting the interdependence of research, action and sustainable development. As the role of social institutions in processes of social change widens and deepens, it becomes even more vital to relate theory to practice by combining empirical research with action-oriented programs. Read More...

Research Department

Media & Communications

Founded in early 2010, our media and communication team works to communicate CSR's message of women's empowerment consistently and effectively, thereby creating opportunities for both our constituents and supporters while developing and deepening CSR's relationship with society at large. Not only do we carefully craft and streamline both our internal and external flow of communications, Read More...

Media & Communications

Development Department

CSR’s development department aims to better the situation of women in India by bringing about practical and tangible changes at the grassroot level. The division has a bottom-up approach in empowering women, and encouraging their participation as stakeholders in processes of change. In order to secure, protect and make full use of their rights, women must be empowered to participate in politics. Read More...

Development Department

Gender Training Institute

Established in 1997, the Gender Training Institute (GTI) works to facilitate women’s empowerment and social justice through capacity building and training-related activities. In an effort to mainstream gender in all aspects of development, GTI conducts long term training programs in parallel with stand-alone capacity building trainings, awareness generation programs, and continuous development Read More...

Gender Training Institute

Publications

Annual Report

Repository of organization's activities since the year 1983. Reports and analysis of activities undertaken for women empowerment and social change.


Annual Report

Newsletter

Concise brochures of the organization's performance, on a quarterly basis.


Newsletter

Research Studies

Detailed research reports on Indian women's socio-cultural and legal complexities.


Studies

Books

Copyrighted publication and books written by Dr. Ranjana Kumari, on the socio-cultural, political and legal problems of Indian women.


Books

Second Wind

Social Surfing

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